How do you raise the bar of a country in employability? A country that is only second to China in human resources, only 27 percent of the population is actually skilled! India faces two big challenges in the 21st century when it comes to identifying the lack of skilled labour forces. They are:
–Lack of vocational courses for those who could not finish schooling but have skills and determination to perform tasks
–Brain drain to Western countries leading to erosion of talent in the skilled sector.
The first challenge has been identified by PM Narendra Modi as the only substantial way to raise the employability index of India. Second challenge has been met by a combination of campaigns in the country and abroad. For instance, Make In India, Smart City models and other progressive campaigns will draw Indians based out of the country to return back. In a way, the skilled development program for those who don’t have access to technical education will remain the core of India’s mission to become DIGITAL INDIA.
How India fares globally in the terms of skilled manpower population?
India fares dismally low when it comes to finding well-trained skilled workers. Less than 3 percent of the workforce is actually trained with formal trainings in skill development and handling contemporary technologies for industry. Here’s what other countries have in terms of skilled population:
– UK: 66%
– Germany- 75%
– USA- 52%
– Japan- 80%
The focus has shifted from creating new employment opportunities to training the age-group under 25 years with skilled development programs. There are enough jobs for those who are trained well in their vocations.
Why is there so much stress of Skilled Development courses now?
An apolitical step to distribute skilled labours evenly across the country, PM Narendra Modi on launched his pet project Skill India Campaign recently. It was initiated on the maiden celebration of the World Youth Skills Day. The Skilled Development courses in India have been designed specifically to match the demands of this campaign. With an initial target base of 250,000 rural and semi-urban populations, the skilled development courses will be governed as per the new National Policy for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship 2015.
The skilled development and training program are designed to specifically meet the targets of industries backed by strong HR and labour policies. The courses offered have following features:
– Focus on practical learning in real-time working conditions mentored by experienced operators, supervisors and team leaders.
– Use of vernacular as well as English as a mode of communication, considering the global requirements of Indian workforce
– Focus on aligning talent with skill development. Students can pick their own vocational courses.
– Focus on spreading the reach of Industrial Training Institutes (ITIs) to deliver quality skilled manpower as per industrial demands.
– Exposure to latest set of technologies in IT, Engineering, Manufacturing and Production, and Environmental Studies.
-Learning courses involve matching the skills with automation processes.
Right now, the skilled development training programs is focussing on the age-group of 15 to 59 years.